Nanotechnology in Sustainable Agriculture:
Nanotechnology is one of the most important tools in modern agriculture, and agri-food nanotechnology is anticipated to become a driving economic force in the near future. Agri-food themes focus on sustainability and protection of agriculturally produced foods, including crops for human consumption and animal feeding.
Recent Developments, Challenges, and Perspectives
Nanotechnology monitors a leading agricultural controlling process, especially by its miniature dimension. Additionally, many potential benefits such as enhancement of food quality and safety, reduction of agricultural inputs, enrichment of absorbing nanoscale nutrients from the soil, etc. allow the application of nanotechnology to be resonant encumbrance. Agriculture, food, and natural resources are a part of those challenges like sustainability, susceptibility, human health, and healthy life.
Our ambition of nano-materials in agriculture is to reduce the amount of spread chemicals, minimize nutrient losses in fertilization and increased yield through pest and nutrient management. Nanotechnology has the prospective to improve the agriculture and food industry with novel nano-tools for the controlling of rapid disease diagnostic, enhancing the capacity of plants to absorb nutrients among others.
This significant interests of using nanotechnology in agriculture includes specific applications like nano-fertilizers and nano-pesticides to trail products and nutrients levels to increase the productivity without decontamination of soils, waters, and protection against several insect pest and microbial diseases.
Nanotechnology may act as sensors for monitoring soil quality of agricultural field and thus it maintain the health of agricultural plants. We are ready to take in the current challenges of sustainability, food security and climate change that are exploring by the researchers in the area of nanotechnology in the improvement of agriculture.
55 hectares Fishery Industry
La Pacifica Agro-industry project in Cañas
Guanacaste, Costa Rica
Although nanotechnologies have been less developed in agronomy than other disciplines, due to less investment, nanotechnologies have the potential to improve the fishery production.
Nanotechnologies have broad application in fishery industry, such as water treatment, fishpond sterilization, nano feed for feeding the fish, and controlling of aquatic diseases.
Nanoparticles of elements like selenium, iron, etc. sources supplemented in diet could improve the growth of fish. This technology can be applied to a commercial fish ponds to reduce the cost of water treatment. Researchers believe that nanotechnologies may have the potential to provide fishponds that are safe from disease and pollution. Another application possibility of nanotechnologies is the usage of different conservation and packaging techniques to provide seafood safety by delaying mildew and microbial spoilage
300 hectares of organic rice plantation
Nanotechnology is an interdisciplinary research field. In recent past efforts have been made to improve agricultural yield through exhaustive research in nanotechnology. The green revolution resulted in blind usage of pesticides and chemical fertilizers which caused loss of soil biodiversity and developed resistance against pathogens and pests as well. Nanoparticle-mediated material delivery to plants and advanced biosensors for precision farming are possible only by nanoparticles or nano-chips. Nano-encapsulated conventional fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides helps in slow and sustained release of nutrients and agrochemicals resulting in precise dosage to the plants. Nanotechnology based plant viral disease detection kits are also becoming popular and are useful in speedy and early detection of viral diseases. We are ready to explore the potential uses and benefits of nanotechnology in precision agriculture. We will use the most modern nanotechnology based tools and techniques have the potential to address the various problems of conventional agriculture and can revolutionize this sector.